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Static routes

Static routing is the term used to refer to the manual method used to set up routing. An administrator enters routes into the router using configuration commands. This method has the advantage of being predictable, and simple to set up. It is easy to manage in small networks but does not scale well.

Advantages of Static Routes

  • Easy to configure
  • No routing protocol overhead

Disadvantages of Static Routes

  • Network changes require manual reconfiguration
  • Network outages cannot be automatically routed around
  • Does not scale well in large networks.

Add a Static route using “route” command

  route add [-net|-host] <IP/Net> netmask <Mask> gw <Gateway IP> dev <Int>X


  route add -net netmask gw dev eth0
  route add -host netmask gw dev eth0

This adds the route immediatly to the Kernel IP routing table. To confirm the route has been successfully, simply type the “route” command with no arguements:


Kernel IP routing table
Destination Gateway Genmask Flags Metric Ref Use Iface * U 0 0 0 eth0
localnet * U 0 0 0 eth0 * U 0 0 0 eth0 * U 0 0 0 eth0
default UG 0 0 0 eth0


 netstat -rn

to print the Kernel IP Routing table.


To keep the Static Route persistent or you want to add the route entries to the network script files (not using the route command) then all you need to do is to edit the file


and the static routes in the following format:

  up route add [-net|-host] <host/net>/<mask> gw <host/IP> dev <Interface>


  up route add -net gw dev eth1

And the file will like the following

  sudo cat /etc/network/interfaces

The output should show something like this

  sudo cat /etc/network/interfaces

The output should show something like this

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
auto eth0 eth1

iface eth0 inet static
# dns-* options are implemented by the resolvconf package, if installed

iface eth1 inet static

# static route
up route add -net gw dev eth1

The above has 2 Ethernet interfaces and the static route is added to the interface eth1.

For the change to /etc/network/interface to take effect. please restart the “networking” service as follows:

  sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart

NOTE: If you added the route already using the “route” then there is no need to restart the networking service because, the next time server is restarted this takes effect.


To make persistent routes in RedHat/Fedora systems make the file “/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth0”:

# File /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/route-eth0
# via

The file name is important, route-eth0 is routes being set up when eth0 goes up.


howtos/adding_permanent_static_routes.txt · Last modified: 02/12/2018 20:34 by